In response to the Covid-19 coronavirus pandemic, United States President Trump declared a national emergency under the Stafford Act, allowing the federal government through FEMA to take advantage of a $50 billion fund for disaster relief that's rarely been used for disease outbreaks.
Official name: The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.
Common name: Stafford Act. It is named for Vermont Sen. Robert Stafford (in Senate 1971–89), who helped pass the law.
What is it? It is a 1988 United States federal law designed to bring federal natural disaster assistance for state and local governments in carrying out their responsibilities to aid citizens.
FEMA: It created the system by which a presidential disaster declaration or an emergency declaration triggers financial and physical assistance through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The Act gives FEMA the responsibility for coordinating government-wide relief efforts.
Source : The Hindu