SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE

In several, migrant workers travelling to their home states, or their belongings, were sprayed with a disinfectant, apparently to sanitise them. The chemical in the spray was a sodium hypochlorite solution.


About:

  1. Sodium hypochlorite is commonly used as a bleaching agent, and also to sanitise swimming pools.

  2. As a common bleaching agent, sodium hypochlorite is used for a variety of cleaning and disinfecting purposes. It releases chlorine, which is a disinfectant.

  3. The concentration of the chemical in the solution varies according to the purpose it is meant for.

  • A normal household bleach (for disinfecting buildings and solid surfaces) usually is a 2-10% sodium hypochlorite solution.

  • At a much lower 0.25-0.5%, this chemical is used to treat skin wounds like cuts or scrapes.

  • An even weaker solution (0.05%) is sometimes used as a handwash.

  • The World Health Organization, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, recommend homemade bleach solutions of about 2-10% concentration to clean hard surfaces to clear them of any presence of the novel coronavirus.

Important Info :

Health impact:

  • Sodium hypochlorite is corrosive, and is meant largely to clean hard surfaces. It is not recommended to be used on human beings, certainly not as a spray or shower.

  • Large quantities of chlorine can be harmful. A 1% solution can cause damage to the skin of anyone who comes in contact with it. If it gets inside the body, it can cause serious harm to lungs.

Source : Indian Express

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